Precautions to be Taken Against Colon Cancer
Colon cancer, also known as large bowel cancer, is frequently seen in the community after 50 years of age. In 95% of cases of colon cancer, the onset of the event appears as colon polyps. Colon polyps are tumoral lesions originating from the large intestine inner tissue that are gradually growing starting from spot tissue growth.
• As these polyps become larger, the likelihood of returning to colon cancer increases. The probability of returning to the polyps larger than two centimeters is 50 percent. On the other hand, villous polyps are easily transformed into colon cancer compared to tubular or tubulovillous structures. Growing polyps can be a precursor to cancer.
• The risk of colon cancer is considerably increased if cellular changes are encountered in the pathological examination of biopsies taken over polyps. The duration of doubling the magnitude of the colon polyps is a period of several years. Therefore, follow-up colonoscopy procedures to be carried out at specific intervals may determine whether the polyps of the colon are present and determine whether these polyps have a high risk of cancer.
• With regular follow-up, risky colon polyps are diagnosed before reaching larger sizes and can be removed by colonoscopic method (polypectomy procedure). Thus, the event is stopped before reaching the stage of colon cancer.
It should be checked every 5 years without complaint
• In Europe and the United States health policies, it has been accepted that colon cancer should be diagnosed before reaching life-threatening levels by performing colonoscopic examinations every year from 50 years in fully healthy individuals who have no complaints. For this reason, intestinal examination has been included in check-up programs since the age of 50 years. Thus, it is envisaged that successful treatment of large bowel cancer will be achieved and life will be saved. In colon cancer patients in the family, this colonoscopic examination programs can be started at a younger age in relation to the characteristics of the cancer case.